PhiDay.org exists to increase awareness and interest in Phi, one of the most interesting numbers in mathematics. Phi, is the Greek letter used to designate the set of numbers 1.618… and it’s reciprocal 0.618…, hence the designation of June 18, or 6/18, as its day of recognition.
Phi is found throughout nature and yields efficiency as well as beauty in design. It is also known as the Golden Ratio, Golden Mean, Golden Number or Golden Section. Euclid of ancient Greece wrote of it and Leonardo Da Vinci used it in his compositions, referring to it as it was known in his age as “The Divine Proportion.” Since the dawn of civilization, this intriguing number has captured the minds and hearts of artists, craftsmen, designers, architects, writers, poets and many others. It may inspire you as well.
Phi is found in mathematics with unique mathematical characteristics of this number that make its square one greater than itself and it’s reciprocal one less than itself. No other number has this property. It is found in Geometry in basic constructions using bisected line or an equilateral triangle, square or pentagon inside a circle. In the solar system, Phi is found in the relative dimensions of the Earth to the Moon and Saturn to its rings. In life it is found in the dimensions of DNA, the proportions of many animals and most notably in the human form, where it defines our perceptions of beauty. Its uniqueness and beauty have not been lost upon the observant eye of humans, and has been used by mankind to achieve a harmony with nature and beauty in design in great architecture, masterpiece paintings, award-winning products and even familiar logos of products that you see and use every day. That’s a rather amazing role for a single number to play in all that we experience in the world around us, and that’s just the beginning.
So Happy Phi Day to you. Enjoy the wonder of knowing that you’re connected to something much larger than you might ever have imagined.